Monday, May 6, 2013

Bariatric Surgery as Last Resort for Obesity with Comorbid Conditions

Obesity is one of the major health problems in the United States today. This condition can be the cause of other serious health concerns like heart attack and stroke. Lifestyle and the patient’s inability to regulate health matters are the main factors responsible for most obese patients. Having healthy lifestyle and positive outlook in life will help in the overall health and optimum functioning of an individual. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is the most reliable tool in measuring a patient’s weight status in relation to his height. This will determine if the patient is normal in weight or not.

BMI is determined by dividing a patient’s weight (in kilograms) by his height (in meters, squared). The normal BMI is considered in the range 18.5-24.9 kg/m2. An overweight patient has a BMI of 25-29.9 kg/m2. Obese patients have a BMI of greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2. Obese patients may have serious health conditions like the increased risk for stroke and heart attack. Seeking for bariatric surgery Daytona Beach can help patients gain their normal weight and live the normal life that they have always wanted.Others also opt to go on surgery for aesthetic reason.

Obesity results from the imbalance between the expenditure of calorie to caloric intake. When the caloric intake is greater than the caloric burn, there will be an increase in the person’s weight mainly due to additional adipose tissues. This imbalance can be under genetic and environmental influence. Though the patient has the control over his lifestyle, some of the non-modifiable factors like the genetics can still play a role in the development of this condition. Surgeons Daytona Beach manage this condition by devising special interventions like bariatric surgery to respond to patients’ prevailing symptoms. The surgery involves gastric binding which wraps the stomach around to limit food intake thereby preventing excess calorie intake.

Dieting, exercise, psychotherapy, and drug treatments are the first line of management for obesity. When the condition is not easily dealt with, surgery may find its way as the last resort in controlling the calorie intake. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Development Conference Panel has agreed to the criteria for bariatric surgery among obese patients. These include the BMI of greater than 40 kg/m2 or a BMI greater than 35 kg/m2 with accompanying high-risk comorbidconditions like degenerative joint disease, diabetes mellitus, Pickwickian syndrome, and sleep apnea. Surgery recovery Daytona Beach has good prognosis for patients undergoing bariatric surgery in terms of their respond to treatment and their overall adaptation to the procedure.

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